About Civil.ge
Eng | Geo | Rus
Last updated: 23:52 - 21 Oct.'14
 
RSS
Mobile
Twitter
Facebook
Jury Trial-Related Bill Confirmed
Civil Georgia, Tbilisi / 5 Apr.'13 / 19:31

Parliament passed with 73 votes to 6 with its third and final reading on April 5 a controversial amendment to the code of criminal procedure, depriving a defendant upper hand in choosing whether to have a trial by jury or a judge.

The government-proposed amendment, which was strongly opposed by the UNM parliamentary minority group, was debated and passed with its first reading at a parliamentary session on April 4.

The existing provision in the code now reads that a case can be tried by jury, “except when a defendant motions for the case to be heard without jury.”

The amendment envisages changing of this wording with the following one: “a case is heard by jury trial, except when parties agree the case to be tried without jury”, meaning that jury trial will not apply only when there is an agreement of both prosecution and defendant.

The existing code also has a provision, according to which if holding of a jury trial may violate right to fair trial, a case can be heard without jury upon decision of a presiding judge and approval from the Chairman of Supreme Court. The newly passed amendment removes this provision from the code.

The amendment is related to pending trials into high-profile cases of former or sitting officials, who are President Saakashvili’s allies.

In January, 2013 the Parliament amended the criminal procedures code allowing applying jury trials to those cases in which former or acting officials face criminal charges. At the time UNM lawmakers supported that amendment on the condition that a defendant would have retained advantage in choosing whether to have a trial by jury or a judge.

In early March, during a trial of former defense and interior minister Bacho Akhalaia into multiple criminal changes, which is now ongoing, Akhalaia and other co-defendants made use of an existing provision in the law giving a defendant upper hand in choosing between trial by jury or a judge and made choice in favor of the latter; prosecutors wanted the case to be tried by jury.

Argument of lawyers of Akhalaia and other co-defendants in favor of trial by judge was a claim that the current authorities contributed to stirring negative public perception of their clients and there was a high probability of jurors’ preconceived bias against the defendants.

If the government-proposed bill goes into force, the new regulation will have no retroactive power and it cannot be applied to already ongoing trials, so Akhalaia’s case will be still be tried by a judge; but it may apply to some other high-profile trials, which are still pending, among them is the case against Tbilisi Mayor Gigi Ugulava.

Initially the proposed bill failed to gain support of the parliamentary committee for legal affairs.

“Trial into a criminal case by jury represents the right of a defendant, hence limiting defendant in choosing [between trial by jury or judge] by prosecution’s consent contradicts essence of this institution itself,” Georgian Dream MP Vakhtang Khmaladze, chairman of the parliamentary committee for legal affairs said, while reading out a conclusion of his committee on the proposed bill at the parliamentary session on April 4; he also said that decision of the committee against the bill was not unanimous. The proposal, however, was still discussed with its first reading on April 4.

On April 5 the committee, however, endorsed the bill for discussion with its second and third readings.

Citing the same arguments, which were laid out in the initial conclusion of the legal committee, UNM lawmakers were strongly against of the bill; UNM MPs said during the April 4 parliamentary debates that introduction of such a provision would turn jury trials into instrument of political persecutions.

“It seems that prosecutors fail to achieve results in respect of certain cases and so it became needed to again raise this issue” related to depriving a defendant advantage in choosing between trial by jury or a judge, UNM PM Pavle Kublashvili said.

On April 4 UNM lawmakers even resorted to a so called procedural war in an attempt to drag out time and delay voting on the bill.

According to the procedures the Parliament is authorized to hold sittings and voting only before 9pm. About ten minutes before 9pm on April 4, UNM lawmakers requested a five-minute break; the session, however, resumed a bit earlier, triggering protest of UNM lawmakers, who were also requesting to give them a chance to make closing brief remarks in an attempt to further drag out time; they were refused in the request on making brief remarks on the grounds that they did not undergo registration before the vote. The voting was underway when UNM lawmakers started walking out of the chamber in protest with some of them telling Parliamentary Chairman Davit Usupashvili that he was violating procedures.

Latest News
21 Oct.'14 23:52
After Series of Murders of Women, Govt Mulls Anti-Domestic Violence Policy
A murder-suicide case in Tbilisi university pushed the problem in the center of public attention.
21 Oct.'14 18:05
Top NATO Commander Visits Georgia
Gen. Breedlove, commander of U.S. forces in Europe, will meet Georgian leadership on October 22.
21 Oct.'14 11:08
Moscow Says Tbilisi’s Allegations on Abkhaz Annexation ‘Dangerous Speculation’
Georgia’s claims can seriously mar Geneva talks, the Russian Foreign Ministry said.
20 Oct.'14 13:37
Merabishvili Sentenced in Girgvliani Case-Related Trial
He was sentenced to 3 years in jail after being found guilty of power abuse and fraudulent actions.
19 Oct.'14 16:14
Tbilisi Says to Counter Russia’s Abkhaz Moves with ‘Pro-Active’ Foreign Policy
Russia-proposed new treaty with Abkhazia discussed by Georgian state security council.
18 Oct.'14 15:02
Georgian President to Visit Japan
President Margvelashvili will pay an official visit to Japan on October 21-25.
18 Oct.'14 14:55
New EU Ambassador to Georgia Takes Office
Janos Herman, a Hungarian career diplomat, has replaced Philip Dimitrov.
18 Oct.'14 00:27
Parliament Condemns Russia’s ‘Attempt to Annex’ Abkhazia
Parliament passed GD-proposed statement, voted down UNM-proposed draft resolution.
17 Oct.'14 22:55
Parliament Confirms Two Supreme Court Judge Candidates
Candidates were re-nominated by the President after they were voted down in August.
17 Oct.'14 12:12
Sokhumi Working on its Proposals to New Treaty with Russia
Views of the Russian side and Abkhaz leader “differ on number of clauses.”

About Civil Georgia
Civil.Ge © 2001-2013, Daily News Online
Registered office: 2 Dolidze Str, 4-th Floor.
52