About Civil.ge
Eng | Geo | Rus
Last updated: 18:57 - 31 May.'16
RSS
Mobile
Twitter
Facebook
Opposition's New Proposals on Electoral System
Civil Georgia, Tbilisi / 5 Apr.'11 / 19:11

A group of eight opposition parties presented on April 5 new proposals on the election system reform calling for either cutting number of majoritarian MPs or introducing a principle of non-awarding of overhang seats in order to secure fair distribution of seats in the Parliament.

The new proposal came after the talks on electoral system reform were suspended because of disagreements on number of key issues, including on rule of electing majoritarian MPs.

The group of eight opposition parties, which have an agreement to speak in one voice with the ruling party on electoral issues, has been arguing that the current system does not provide fair distribution of seats in the legislative body and it should be changed, particularly through scrapping the current rule of electing majoritarian MPs in 75 single-mandate constituencies. But the ruling party is strongly against, citing that each constituency should elect an individual representative in the Parliament to make a local MP more personally accountable before a constituency.

Under the current system, wherein an MP is elected through winner-takes-all system, the ruling party endorsed its candidates in 71 out of 75 single-mandate constituencies in 2008 parliamentary elections. The ruling party in addition endorsed 48 lawmakers through proportional, party-list system after receiving 59.18% of votes and in overall secured 119 seats, which makes 79.3% of seats in the 150-member legislative body.

The eight opposition parties say it’s unfair when a party gets more seats in the Parliament than votes in the proportional, party-list system.

Their new proposal envisages keeping of current system of electing 75 majoritarian MPs in single-mandate constituency, but not to award a party with overhang seats, meaning that if a party, at the expense of success in majoritarian constituencies, wins more seats in the Parliament than it receives votes in proportional contest, a party should be deprived of those extra seats gained through party-list contest. The number of seats should be cut to the level, which would be proportional to the votes, received in the party-list contest.

For example, under the proposed system the ruling party would have secured total of 59.18% of seats in the Parliament, which is about 89 seats, instead of 119; the ruling party would have gained its 71 majoritarian seats, plus 18 seats under the party-list contest, instead of 48 seats.

The proposed system also requires a majoritarian MP candidate to be nominated by a political party, excluding independent candidates from running for the majoritarian MP seat, as it is under the existing rules. But recently the ruling party offered to change this rule and allow independent candidates to run in the majoritarian MP contest.

The group of eight opposition parties has also put forth an alternative option, envisaging keeping the current system, but on the condition that number of majoritarian MPs will be decreased from the current 75 to 50. The ruling party in its proposals has instead offered to increase number of the majoritarian MPs.

The group of eight parties has also proposed that in order for a majoritarian MP candidate to be declared an outright winner in the first round of vote, a candidate should clear 50% threshold instead of 30% as it is under the present system. The proposal increases chances for a runoff in which an opposition candidate may have more chances to win majoritarian MP contest than under the existing system.

RELATED
Latest News
31 May.'16 18:57
PM Against Overriding Presidential Veto on Constitutional Court Bill
Kvirikashvili said he will try to convince majority in Parliament to accept president’s objections.
31 May.'16 15:08
President Vetoes Bill on Constitutional Court
The move was expected after the Venice Commission criticized some of the key points of the bill.
30 May.'16 23:29
U.S. Diplomat Urges Govt to Bring Kortskheli Violence Perpetrators to Account
This kind of political violence “can only do damage” to electoral environment, Ambassador Kelly said.
30 May.'16 20:43
Ivanishvili Gears Up to Campaign for GDDG
He vowed to use all of his resources to prevent UNM from “turning the clock back.”
30 May.'16 11:46
April GDP Growth 4.3% - Preliminary Data
Real GD grew 2.8% in the first four months of this year.
29 May.'16 23:53
Slovak President Visits Georgia
Slovak President Andrej Kiska is paying an official visit to Georgia on May 29-June 2.
28 May.'16 11:55
Venice Commission Opinion on Georgia’s Controversial Bill on Constitutional Court
Proposed increase of quorum is “excessive” and should be removed, CoE’s advisory body said.
28 May.'16 10:31
Gali IPRM Meetings Resume, After a Break of Four Years
Khurcha fatal shooting topped the agenda of the meeting on May 27.
27 May.'16 17:39
MPs Debate Constitutional Ban of Same-Sex Marriage
It remains unclear when, or if the bill will be put on vote.
26 May.'16 20:27
Tskhinvali Postpones Referendum on Joining Russia to 2017
Breakaway region’s leader was proposing holding of referendum this summer.

About Civil Georgia
Civil.Ge © 2001-2016, Daily News Online
Registered office: 2 Dolidze Str, 4-th Floor.
35